Airbus’ Second Beluga XL Enters Service

Airbus’ second Beluga XL has entered service with the European manufacturer today. The aircraft’s first flight in service saw it fly from Toulouse to Frankfurt. The aircraft is based on the Airbus A330 and has a friendly face, just like its namesake.

Airbus, BelugaXL, First Flight
Airbus’ second BelugaXL has entered service. Photo: Airbus

Much like Boeing’s oversized Dreamlifter, the Beluga is designed for transporting oversized cargo. The XL is an expansion of the original Airbus Beluga and has 35% more storage space. As such, it can transport two wings for Airbus A350 aircraft. Rather than replacing the existing Beluga fleet, the BelugaXL will supplement it. At least, for the time being, that is.

What is the Beluga?

Depending on your point of view, the Airbus Beluga is either a freak or a marvel of the aviation industry. The aircraft is based on the Airbus A330, however, it has a huge bubble on its head. This is much like the whale which it has been thoughtfully named after.


The original Beluga was based on the Airbus A330-600. Previously, the manufacturer used the Super Guppy to transport bulky items. Ironically, this was originally built by Boeing, meaning that Boeing aircraft were part of the Airbus supply change.


The XL upgrade

As Airbus has grown, its fleet of Belugas is no longer sufficient for its needs. As a result, the manufacturer needed a fix. The XL model has a much bigger capacity than its predecessor. In fact, while the fuselage is almost 7 meters longer, it is now also 1.7 meters wider at 8.8m. The Airbus A380’s fuselage is only 7.14 meters wide.

Airbus, BelugaXL, First Flight
The aircraft is bigger than the original Beluga. Photo: Airbus

The second Beluga rolled out of the manufacturing hangar in March 2019. The type received certification from EASA in November 2019, and the test aircraft is now being refitted for service, before starting operations itself.


First flight in service

This morning the second BelugaXL to be constructed completed its first flight in service. This saw the aircraft, registered as F-GXLH, fly from Toulouse in the South of France, to Bremen in the North of Germany.

The flight departed at 12:08 and flew in a bit of a curve. It passed cities such as Zurich, Stuttgart, and Frankfurt on the route. After having flown for 1 hour and 56 minutes, the giant aircraft touched down in Bremen at 14:04.

Airbus, BelugaXL, First Flight
Its first flight in service took it from Toulouse to Bremen. Image:

However, there’s no rest for the aircraft, which is already back in the skies. At the time of writing, the aircraft had departed from Bremen and was flying to Chester in the United Kingdom. This site, known as Broughton, is where Airbus constructs aircraft wings and will continue to do so following Brexit.

Have you seen the Beluga XL? What do you think of the aircraft? Let us know your thoughts in the comments.


Leave a Reply

4 Comment threads
3 Thread replies
Most reacted comment
Hottest comment thread
7 Comment authors
newest oldest most voted

Perhaps Airbus should convert some of the older A380’s into XXL Belugas. They are huge as they are already even before conversion!

Ibnu Zandra


Niklas Andersson

A 380 doesn’t have the structure and the design to be a cargo. That was not the purpose of this engineering. meanwhile Airbus study today the new generation of Cargo Air fret. The main issue are engines, with GE and Safran.
In USA some of the test are made and on going, but the development have been freeze due to the development of 777X Max.
Beluga have a real Future, Like the A 380 in deed.


Hi Tom Once again…. “Proofread” comes to mind. Spell Check is not your friend! “The original Beluga was based on the Airbus A330-600. Previously, the manufacturer used the Super Guppy to transport bulky items. Ironically, this was originally built by Boeing, meaning that Boeing aircraft were part of the Airbus supply change.” The “Super Guppy” is the name given post-modification to the Boeing 377 Stratocruisers that were modified by Aero Spacelines to support the U.S. space program. Besides the obvious fuselage modifications, they were also fitted with turboprop engines in place of the original piston engines. Interesting is that the… Read more »


thanks for the info Russ just a silly question maybe you could answer with a bit of depth to it ,someone said why not change the older 380’s to cargo ,i say why not change a beluga into pac aeroplane ? twin engines instead of 4 so save costs with fuel surely the weight of freight is more than passengers and suitcases ?


Why not convert Beluga into Pax A/C? Beluga is designed transporting BIG VOLUME CARGO. The main cargo deck is not-pressurized to accommodate passengers; therefore, the structure can be simple and light. WWII-era DC-3 can flight forever, and this is because the fuselage is not pressurized, hence simple structure. In the meantime, a typical airliner operation is about 20-30 years. Lets talk about physics: The circumferential stress for a tube structure is Pressure*Fuselage_Radius/Skin_Thickness. Considering the big fuselage diameter of a Beluga, it needs much stronger structure to maintain same pressure level compared with Airliner with smaller fuselage. Of course it is… Read more »

Rosul S


The Beluga XL are supposed to carry OVERSIZED a/c sections, not OVERWEIGHT a/c sections. Going for A380 Beluga would be an overkill. Not to mention the number of Airbus facilities that could receive A380 would certainly be lesser than those which could receive the XL.