Alaska Airlines To Reintroduce Q400 As Boeing 737 MAX Crisis Drags On

Alaska Airlines has revealed that it will lose around 1% of capacity in the third quarter and that this could get worse as the year rolls on. The airline was expecting at least one 737 MAX to have been delivered by now, and three by the end of the year. As such, they will hold on to the Q400 turboprop in a bid to maintain seat capacity.

Alaska Boeing 737 MAX
Alaska expected one MAX to be delivered by now, and another two by the end of the year. Image: Boeing

Keeping the Q400

Alaska began moving away from the Q400 towards the end of 2017. The regional turboprops, all operated by subsidy Horizon Air under the Alaska Airlines brand, were due to be phased out and replaced by the Embraer 175 regional jet. Currently, Horizon has 31 Q400s still in service and has already taken delivery of 29 of their 33 ordered Embraers.

By all rights, a good number of the Q400 should be leaving the fleet right now, but due to the grounding of the 737 MAX, Alaska have opted to keep them on. Some of these aircraft are pushing 20 years old, although a handful have had less than five years in service.

Alaska Q400
The Q400, operated by Horizon, will have a slower retirement than originally planned. Photo: Wikimedia

However, in a recent analysis call following its Q2 results posting, Alaska Airlines has said that the Q400 will be kept on a little longer to replace lost capacity from the non-delivery of the 737 MAX. In addition to delaying the retirement of the type, the revised fleet plan shows Horizon bringing back two Q400s which were previously retired by the end of 2019. This will bring their operational fleet of the type to 33.


The airline ordered 32 of the 737 MAX 9 aircraft back in 2014 and was expecting delivery of the first by July this year. By the end of the year, they should have had three in service.

Alaska still hopes to take delivery of one 737 MAX before the end of the year (pending the type being cleared for use again) and expect another two early in 2020. However, even when Boeing start delivering the MAXs, there’s likely to be a backlog of deliveries for some time going forward too. In the meantime, the turboprop workhorse that is the Q400 will have to keep going.

Alaska 737 MAX
The first Alaska 737 MAX could be delivered before the end of the year. Photo: Boeing

Capacity issues ‘not as acute’ as for some carriers

Although Alaska airlines have lost some capacity due to the grounding of the 737 MAX, they’ve got off relatively lightly compared to some operators. When the plane was grounded, they had a total of zero in service, although they should have taken delivery of some by now. Executive Vice President Finance and Chief Financial Officer, Brandon Pedersen, said at the recent earnings call,

“We do have MAXs coming in next year, our MAX exposure was pretty darn small, we were supposed to get three in the last few months of this year. It’s perhaps one now. Those two that we are not going to get this year, will probably come, if things play out like we’re hearing they might play out, in the first quarter. So, the capacity issue for us isn’t nearly as acute as it is for some other MAX operators.”

Will they keep the A320 longer?

A more logical replacement for missing MAX aircraft would be the Airbus A320, of which they have many. Originally an all-Boeing airline, their acquisition of Virgin America’s fleet meant an influx of multiple A320 family aircraft, many of which were leased.

Alaska A320
Alaska have a number of ex-Virgin A320s. Photo: Tomas Del Coro via Flickr

With leases due to expire between 2020 and 2024, a portion of these aircraft are set to leave the fleet by the end of next year. With the likelihood of their MAX deliveries being somewhat slower than initially thought, could Alaska extend the lease on these Airbus planes to tackle the lost capacity?

According to Pedersen, no. When asked just this question, he responded that,

“…we have three A319/320 airplanes that are due to be returned between now and the end of 2020 and we’re going to stick with that for the time being.”

Do you think Alaska are right to rely on the Q400 to maintain capacity? Or should they have extended the lease on those three A320s instead? Let us know in the comments.


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Alaska is definitely having some difficulties. The Embraers and QA are run by Horizon. Alaska inherited some leased Airbuses from the Virgin America takeover. I believe the plan was to turn them in and go back to being a 737 only airline . The Max problems put that on hold . They are cancelling a lot of flights due to shortage of Airbus trained crew or crews being in the wrong place. I have several friends who take the Seattle-Austin flights regularly they have been cancelled many times. One person had their flight cancelled after waiting for six hours. After… Read more »


Saying they are having difficulties is a bit of an overstatement. I fly 4-10 Alaska segments per month (all equipment types) and have yet to experience a cancellation over the last year of travel. Your friends’ experiences, while unfortunate, are not indicative of Alaska’s overall health. It’s more likely about multiple factors impacting the Seattle-Austin route. If they said they were short on crews then I’m sure it’s true, however, they could have taken another crew or aircraft from a different route if they really wanted to.

Eric Zahm

How about Sant Barbara to San Diego?

jeff hedrich

The Q400 is going to be very relevant again in the not too distant future. Whether by choice or by legislation, lower fuel consumption and lower emissions are going to be at the forefront of the industry. The E Jets might be marginally faster or more comfortable on certain routes, but they are certainly not as low in the emissions department. Alaska/Horizon had a successful business model up to the point they were one of the largest Q400 operators in the world. Things started to become more difficult when they decided to move away from that.


I think AK Airlines knows how to run their business and they will make decisions based on the on ground situation when and if it comes to those points of decision. You have to know all the facts. Those A320 are designated to go someplace per a previous plan. Only AK knows where and what the terms are. They simply may not be able to not send them on if they are committed and the receiver continues to hold to contract. The Q400 if available are a different aspect. They can mix and manage those to their needs, assuming they… Read more »


Your question oversimplifies the issue and really makes no sense. The Airbus are set to leave by the end of 2020. Alaska needs capacity now through Q1. Simple math…


They should keep the A320’s

Frank Whitman

I really like the Q400s, and I wish that Alaska would buy more of them and keep the type in service.

Tom Boon

It’s always fun to see Flybe’s Q400s landing at Heathrow in between A320s and 787s 😀