Analysis: Bamboo Airways’ US And Canada Ambitions

Bamboo Airways has often said that it will serve the US from Vietnam – with more details now revealed. While more of a wishlist, it says it’ll operate a one-stop service to five main US airports while also serving Canada. Passenger volume is there – over 1.8 million flew between Vietnam and North America in 2019 – but it is a very long way. This, and low premium demand, means it is a notoriously low-yielding market. Does it make sense?

Analysis: Bamboo Airways’ US And Canada Ambitions
Bamboo Airways has given more information on its planned North America services, but will they happen, and does it make sense? Photo: Bamboo Airways.

Bamboo Airways first said it’d begin service to the US in Q1 2020 using leased aircraft. However, because of the pandemic, this was changed to the end of 2021 or the start of 2022 using its own B787-9s, which are presently operating domestically (clearly very suboptimally) and to the important Northeast Asia city of Seoul.

The carrier currently has three B789s with 11 more to be delivered, according to They have a three-class configuration with 294 seats: 247 in economy; 26 in business; and 21 in premium economy.

Analysis: Bamboo Airways’ US And Canada Ambitions
Vietnam to North America is characterized as having a large passenger volume, long distances, low premium demand, and ultimately low-yielding. Photo: Bamboo Airways

What is Bamboo Airways planning?

Bamboo Airways has submitted an application for a Foreign Air Carrier Permit from the US Department of Transportation and exemption authority to begin serving the US. It ‘intends’ to operate one-stop services, partly to overcome the very long distances involved.

While service to Los Angeles and San Francisco is ‘supposedly’ to begin from September 1, 2021, more details are now known of its overall ambition for North America, as follows. Note that the carrier often mentions routes, yet to date, little has materialized.

  • Hanoi and Ho Chi Minh to the US via Taipei, Osaka, or Nagoya – but no traffic rights between Japan and the US
  • Intending to serve Los Angeles, San Francisco, Dallas, Seattle, and New York JFK or Newark using its own metal
  • Intending to begin Toronto, Montreal, or Vancouver via the US (so two-stop!)
  • US services to codeshare with an unnamed “major American carrier”
Analysis: Bamboo Airways’ US And Canada Ambitions
Bamboo Airways has said it’ll fly to the US via Taipei, Osaka, or Nagoya, although it wouldn’t have traffic rights between Japan and the US. Image: GCMap.

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Vietnam to North America

Over 1.8 million people flew between Vietnam and North America in pre-pandemic 2019, according to booking data obtained from OAG Traffic Analyser. That means there were passengers daily each way (PDEW) of 2,466.

Ho Chi Minh (SGN) to Los Angeles (LAX) the largest unserved market, with over 270,000 point-to-point (P2P) passengers. A further 22,000 or so flew to/from other LA Basin airports. Next up was San Francisco, with 175,000 P2P passengers, rising to approximately 185,000 if San Jose (with most Vietnamese diaspora in the US) is included.

There is no denying the size of the total Vietnam-North America market. However, there are currently no non-stops or through-service operations even after the FAA granted a Category 1 rating to the CAA of Vietnam in 2019. And perhaps for a good reason.

Analysis: Bamboo Airways’ US And Canada Ambitions
Bamboo Airways now has three 294-seat B787-9s. Photo: Bamboo Airways.

Passenger volume isn’t the problem

The problem is not passenger volume. The problem is average fares in themselves and about distance. It is a very long way from Vietnam to North America. For example, SGN-LAX is a distance of 8,169 miles, even longer than Dallas-Hong Kong.

Yet Vietnam-North America is known for being pretty low-yielding, resulting from both distance and the heavy reliance on visiting friends and relatives (VFR) and tourism demand. This is exactly the demand that isn’t wanted on very long-haul – and therefore very costly to operate – services.

Analysis: Bamboo Airways’ US And Canada Ambitions
The airline is using its 789s domestically and to Seoul, as shown here. Image:

Low-yielding and very long-haul don’t mix

SGN-LAX had a one-way fare of $421 in 2019, excluding fuel surcharges and taxes. In contrast, it was $184 for the 2,209 miles between SGN-Seoul, a large and highly competitive market with six airlines operating non-stop in 2019. LAX was 270% longer, yet it had a 38% lower fare per mile.

What about Taipei-LAX? This had an average one-way fare of $562, one-third higher than LAX-SGN. Yet, LAX is 20% farther from SGN than Taipei, and the Vietnamese city had a 37% lower fare per mile.

It is not surprising to learn that SGN underperforms from a relatively low proportion of premium demand compounded by longer distances. And that is for the largest and one of the closest markets from Vietnam.

Analysis: Bamboo Airways’ US And Canada Ambitions
Bamboo Airways should grow sensibly while prioritizing international expansion in markets with sufficiently high yields. Photo: Bamboo Airways.

Simple Flying’s opinion

Bamboo Airways should avoid routes that may look superficially ‘attractive’, and should instead focus purely on opportunities with strong potential performance. This may rule out North America even with highly fuel-efficient B787-9s. If it doesn’t, LAX and San Francisco clearly make the most sense from a passenger volume, fare, and distance perspective.

A one-stop operation to the US is obviously understandable given lower yields and long distances, especially if it could capture higher-yielding P2P passengers en route. But operating via Japan with no traffic rights makes little sense and will increase costs. Moreover, its core service to Vietnam will be further undermined and less competitive versus a myriad of one-stop alternatives.

What are your thoughts on Bamboo Airways? Let us know in the comments.