Japan Airlines To Operate Boeing 787 And Airbus A350 On Domestic Routes

Japan Airlines will operate Boeing 787 Dreamliners and Airbus A350s on their domestic services from September this year. With the Tokyo Olympics just over a year away, the airline is looking to replace its aging 777s with the newer, more comfortable airliners for visitors to Japan.

JAL 787-8
Japan Airlines will operate Dreamliners and A350s on domestic routes. Photo: Wikimedia

Japan Airlines are planning to operate their domestic network using two of the most popular and iconic widebody aircraft in the world today – the 787 Dreamliner and the A350. This is all part of the airline’s move to gear up capacity and quality of service in time for the 2020 Tokyo Olympics next year.

The A350 will start domestic service from September 1st, with more routes being added as more aircraft come into service. The 787s don’t have a confirmed delivery date yet, but the airline is anticipating deliveries starting in the autumn.

Widebodies on domestic routes… really?

According to Anna Aero, Japan is leading the way in short haul widebody services, with an average of 4,719 widebody flights departing domestically each week over the summer of 2018. China and Hong Kong hold second and third place, with 4,378 and 1,452 weekly flights respectively. Tokyo’s Haneda airport is the one with the most widebody short haul flights in the world, handling around 1,918 per week.

Asia-Pacific in general are keen on widebody domestic routes, with 14 of the top 20 airlines for this type of service being based in this region. Fellow Japanese airline ANA are top of the pack, with 2,414 widebody domestic flights a week, and Japan Airlines are second with 1,758.

Japan Airlines 787-9
JAL operate more than 1,700 domestic flights a week with widebody jets. Photo: Wikimedia

The only European airline to make the top 20 domestic widebody carriers is Turkish, with 1,262 flights a week. Air Canada are the only one from North America in the top 20 list, with just 388 flights each week. Of course, there has recently been some talk about domestic widebody services in the UK and Australia, but these are one-offs rather than regular services.

While operating widebody aircraft domestically might seem bonkers to us in the west, the sheer number of travelers demanding airline services in Asia obviously makes it work. It’s a topsy-turvy strategy compared to what we see in the US, where hundreds of smaller flights take off every hour, giving passengers flexibility.

However, the real deciding factor here is the airport slots. Japan doesn’t have a lot of airports, and those it has aren’t particularly large. This means the slots are highly valuable, and airlines are keen to make the most of them. Haneda has recently opened new slots ahead of the 2020 Olympic games, which JAL are clearly keen to benefit from by throwing some massive planes into the space.

The JAL A350

JAL will be receiving their first A350 any minute now, as it was spotted taking its maiden flight just weeks ago.


Japan Airlines have given us a clear reason to be excited about their A350s. Not only is it the first Airbus to be ordered by the airline, but they are also one of very few carriers to offer a first class cabin on board. The debut route, from Tokyo Haneda to Fukuoka, launching on 1st September 2019, will feature the ultra-premium cabin, and we can’t wait to see what it’s like.

Most operators of the A350 have chosen to drop the four class configuration, going instead for business, premium economy and economy only. There are a few exceptions, including China Eastern and Malaysia Airlines, although MAS recently rebranded their first class seating to ‘business suites’ instead.

JAL A350 Airbus
JAL’s A350 taking its maiden flight last month. Photo: Airbus

However, according to Business Traveller, the JAL first class won’t be the luxurious standard that we’ve come to expect from them, and certainly not a patch on the lie flat, enclosed suites found on their 777ERs. This is somewhat understandable, as the airline will only operate the A350 on domestic flights. An odd decision, but interesting to see.

Although they aren’t revealing the interior until later this month, they have released a seat map, which clearly shows 12 first class seats in a 2-2-2 configuration, which is more akin to the seats on their 767s. However, with a 2-2-2 layout, there won’t be any throne seat. Sad times.

JAL A350 seatmap
The seatmap for the A350. Image: Japan Airlines

The A350 is planned to fly between JAL’s hub at Tokyo and Sapporo, Okinawa and Osaka, as well as its launch route to Fukuoka.

The JAL 787

Japan Airlines are one of the biggest operators of the 787 worldwide, with a current fleet of 42. These are split between 25 787-8s and 17 787-9s.

On the 787-8, the airline has no less than three separate configurations. The long haul configuration has lie flat, staggered seats in business, and premium economy and economy cabins. The other two configurations both have angle flat business class seats and are used on regional routes.

The 787-9 has two configurations, both with lie flat business class seats and both with premium economy. The main difference is that one offers staggered business class seating and the other reverse herringbone. These are mainly used on longer missions.

JAL 787
The four new 787s will be configured for domestic flights. Photo: Japan Airlines

As for their forthcoming domestic 787s, the details of the configuration has not yet been released. However, judging by their decision to include first class on the A350, we can assume there will be at least three classes on board. However, with shorter domestic trips their target mission, we reckon they’ll be angle flat rather than fully flat seats.

Currently only ANA use the Dreamliner on domestic routes, so it will be interesting to see another airline taking up the challenge. So far, we know the 787s are planned to operate the Tokyo Haneda to Osaka Itami route, and may run some other routes out of Osaka too. We’ll have to wait and see for the full schedule.

Upgrading the fleet

Japan Airlines will receive their first A350-900 later this week, although it’s not due to commence operations until September 1st. It’s the first of 18 they have on order, further complemented by 13 A350-1000s. The fleet of incoming A350s are all intended to replace their Boeing 777s, of which they have 40 in total.

The airline’s 777 fleet is split between -200s and -300s, which it uses on domestic routes, and -200ERs and -300ERs which are used for international travel. The A350-900s are slated to be used on domestic routes; we presume the -1000s will be intended for this market also, but with no firm date set for delivery, that remains to be seen.

JAL 777
The A350 will replace Japan Airlines’ fleet of 777s. Photo: BriYYZ via Flickr

The airline also has options for a further 25 Airbus A350s, which it could leverage in the not too distant future to add more capacity to its domestic routes.

In terms of international replacements, the carrier already has 25 787-8s and 17 787-9s which are configured for long haul operations. However, the airline still has three 787-9s and four 787-8s due to be delivered. It is some of these which are headed for the domestic market.

The airline told Air Transport World that they would be using the four 787-8s yet to be delivered as domestic workhorses. They expect to begin receiving these in the autumn.

Are you excited to see more widebodies on domestic routes in Japan? Will you be heading to Tokyo for the Olympics next year? Let us know in the comments!

12 comments
  1. Air Canada is not the only domestic widebody service in North America. Delta, United, and American all offer US domestic routes on widebodies.

    1. Thanks for pointing this out, I was about to write the same. Rather poorly researched article. Also, Virgin Australia uses A330-200s every single day on domestic flights (mainyl to/from Perth), as does Air Canada on the fligths to/from PER that connect on to London on a B787-9…

      1. As does QANTAS. A330-200s, fr MEL and SYD. In fact, after the Ansett collapse in 2001, I flew a QF B747 SYD-PER return. Quelle joi: I lost 900,000 Ansett FF points on its demise and, whilst taxiing past the Ansett terminal in SYD/KSA, the QF skipper made a superbly-timed announcement “Thank you for flying with QANTAS today”. Well, there was no choice, and I’d much rather have feen on an Ansett flight than having been at the receiving end of the public service ‘service’ attitude on QF, a spillover from the old Govt owned TAA ‘service’, hence my change to Ansett. Of course, that was one if the reasons they went broke (and too many a/c types…).

  2. Air Canada is 100% not the only North American airline to fly widebodies on domestic flights. United uses 777s and 787s on some of it’s premium transcon routes (NYC & DC to LA & SF), and I’m pretty sure American also uses widebodies on certain domestic routes. On top of that, all three of the US legacy carriers, plus Hawaiian, fly widebodies to and from Hawaii.

    1. I should have made it clear I was talking about the top 20 as per the Anna Aero link. Will update accordingly.

  3. The -1000s will be used for international flights to replaces the 777-200ER/300ERs. Likewise, they will be delivered in 2023.

  4. “…widebody flights departing domestically each week over the summer of 2018. China and Hong Kong hold second and third place…”
    Would love to know where the HK domestic flights are going?

  5. Also, Qantas and Virgin in Australia have regularly scheduled flights in widebodies (usually A330-200s) between major centres

  6. ANA isn’t the only one offering domestic 787 services. American Airlines regularly flies 787’s between DFW and ORD as well as other hubs. United does the same inner domestic hub 787 services within the lower 48.
    As for the widebodies, you can regularly find widebodies across the US, mostly on inter-hub and transcontinental services. You just have to know what city pairs and which airline

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