Ukraine International Airlines Crash: What We Know So Far

Early this morning, a Boeing 737 operating for Ukraine International Airlines crashed minutes into the flight. The aircraft was leaving the capital of Iran, Tehran, to fly to Kiev. However, six minutes after taking off, the plane appeared to burst into flames and crashed. 167 passengers and nine crew members were killed. Here’s what we know so far.

Ukraine 737 Crash
The Boeing 737 crashed earlier today. Photo: Getty

A new 737, not a MAX

The aircraft being used was a three year old Boeing 737-800, an aircraft with a solid safety record and unrelated to the 737 MAX. The airline has stated that it last underwent maintenance just days ago, on the 6th January.

Debris and engine parts were strewn across a field. Video shared on social media shows a burning fireball dropping from the sky. However, this footage is unverified, so should be taken with a pinch of salt.

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According to the Telegraph, the pilot had tried to steer the aircraft towards a football field as it dropped from the skies, in order to avoid built up areas. His actions potentially saved many more lives from being lost.

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Huge amounts of speculation

As with any crash of this magnitude, all onlookers are suddenly armchair air crash investigators. The degree of speculation ranges from the aircraft being shot down by a surface to air missile to an engine bay fire that spread to the rest of the plane.

Ukraine 737 Crash
Rescue workers have been picking their way through the wreckage all day. Photo: Getty

Immediately following the crash, Iran reported that an engine malfunction had caused the accident. The Ukrainian Embassy in Tehran also agreed, at the time, that an engine fire caused the crash, but later withdrew this statement.

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Also under consideration is the idea that the aircraft was shot down. Some speculators say it could have collided with a US drone, with locals saying there were many in the area following the missile strike on US bases in Iraq. It has even been suggested that perhaps a bomb was detonated on board.

UIA rules out pilot error

Ihor Sosnovsky, UIA Vice President Operations commented,

“Tehran airport is anything but a simple one. Therefore, for several years UIA has been using this airport to conduct training on Boeing 737 aircraft aimed at evaluating pilots’ proficiency and ability to act in emergency cases. According to our records, the aircraft ascended as high as 2400 meters. Given the crew’s experience, error probability is minimal. We do not even consider such a chance.”

Ukraine 737 crash
The airline does not see pilot error as a possibility. Photo: Getty

The cause of the crash will likely take weeks, if not months, of meticulous investigation before anyone can say for sure what happened. Both black boxes have been recovered from the scene, which should help, but it’s still going to be a very long process before anyone knows what really went on in the skies above Tehran.

Who will investigate?

The situation in Iran is a tricky one right now. Heightened tensions with the United States could make it awkward for investigations to proceed in a well thought out manner.

In theory, there could be several parties involved in the investigation. Iran and Ukraine will clearly want to be involved, in fact Reuters reports that Ukraine will send a team of experts to Tehran later today. President Volodymyr Zelenskiy  told the press,

“Our priority is to establish the truth and those responsible for this terrible catastrophe.”

In addition to these obvious parties, there could be a number of others who want to get involved. Boeing, as the maker of the plane, will be keen to clear its name, and would often be involved in supporting such an investigation.

Ukraine 737 crash
176 people are thought to have lost their lives. Photo: Getty

The National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB) in the US would usually get involved too. In addition, there were passengers of many different nationalities on board the flight, including a large number of Canadians, therefore the governments of those nations will be keen to be involved. However, in this case, it might not be that easy.

Iran has been reported by the Guardian as saying it will not hand over the so-called ‘black boxes’ from the jet. Commenting in the moments after finding the black box flight recorders, head of Iran’s Civil Aviation Organization, Ali Abedzadeh, said,

“We will not give the black boxes to the manufacturer (Boeing) and the Americans.”

He went on to add,

 It’s not yet clear which country the black box will go to for the investigation. This accident will be investigated by Iran’s aviation organisation but the Ukrainians can also be present during the incident’s investigation.”

What the airline has said so far

Simple Flying received a statement from Ukraine International Airlines regarding the incident. It said,

Today, on January 08, 2020, a “Ukraine International Airlines” aircraft while operating flight PS752 from Tehran to Kyiv disappeared from the radars a few minutes after departure from Tehran International Airport.

The aircraft departed from Tehran International Airport at 06:10hrs. Iran local time.

According to preliminary data, there were 167 passengers and 9 crew members on board. UIA representatives are currently clarifying the exact number of passengers on board.

Passenger lists will be posted on the airline’s website after final confirmation of their presence on board of the aircraft.

The airline expresses its deepest condolences to the families of the victims of the air crash and will do everything possible to support the relatives of the victims. With immediate effect, UIA has decided to suspend its flights to Tehran until further notice.

As at 09:30hrs, UIA in close cooperation with the aviation authorities, takes all measures to determine the causes of the air accident. In parallel, the airline will be contacting the relatives of the passengers, providing all possible assistance in the current situation.

The flight was operated on a Boeing 737-800 NG aircraft (registration UR-PSR). The aircraft was built in 2016 and delivered directly to the airline from the manufacturer. The last scheduled maintenance of the aircraft took place on 06 January, 2020.

The airline has also issued guidance to passengers who were planning to travel to or from Tehran. In it, UIA says that passengers will either be rerouted, where possible, or offered a full refund.

Ukraine 737 crash
The investigation could take many weeks. Photo: Getty

The crew on board

UIA has released the names and details of the flight crew. These are as follows:

  • Captain Volodymyr Gaponenko (11600 hours on Boeing 737aircraft including 5500 hours as captain);
  • Instructor pilot Oleksiy Naumkin (12000 hours on Boeing 737 aircraft including 6600 hours as captain);
  • First officer Serhii Khomenko (7600 hours on Boeing 737 aircraft).

The cabin crew was made up of six flight attendants. These were:

  • Ihor Matkov, chief flight attendant;
  • Kateryna Statnik;
  • Mariia Mykytiuk;
  • Valeriia Ovcharuk;
  • Yuliia Solohub;
  • Denys Lykhno.

The airline has said that, due to the complexity and duration of this particular service, the aircraft was operating with an ‘enhanced’ flight crew. Simple Flying sends its condolences to all the family and friends of the crew who lost their lives in this tragedy.

Along with the crew, Ukraine’s foreign minister, Vadym Prystaiko, has confirmed the nationalities of the passengers on board. He said that there were 82 Iranians, 63 Canadians and 11 Ukrainians on board, as well as 10 Swedish passengers, four Afghans, three Germans and three British nationals.

Simple Flying sends heartfelt condolences to all affected by this catastrophe.

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Mk

Hi, could you perhaps help to elaborate on the statement that Tehran airport is a difficult one. So much that it needed 3 pilots just to depart from there. Is it mountains or what? I tried to do some research but found nothing. Condolences to all on board.

Gary

Hi MK when you look at the airport on Google Maps.
There does seem to be like a mountain at the end of the runway and around to the side of the airport.

Tom

Pilots take regular tests to make sure that their training is up to scratch, both on flight simulators and in real life. I would think that the captain or the first-officer were subject to one of these test which is why the instructor was on the flight.

Capt. B Johnstone

I'd just like to confirm that I myself came across some evidence that may show that an SAM may be at use here

Gary

Wander if the plane got a fractured fuel line at the start.
When the fire first started.
Then somehow led to the fuel tanks in the wing.
When the ball of flame just before hitting the ground.

Moaz Abid

The new episode of MH17 and Sharm el sheikh Metrojet 2686? A plane, crashing over a tensioned country, crashing on a malfuntion? Coincidence or what.

Gerry S

Terrible news. Hope the cause is found quickly. Now is not the time for politics and Iran should do all that it can to assist in the investigation. These victims were innocents and every measure should be taken to get the truth. It is owed to them. They are no longer with us. Let them Rest in Peace.

David

Relatively new aircraft, very experienced crew. Seems to me a bomb or missile ticks all the boxes but speculation only until proof can be shown. It could take awhile. The aviation industry does not need this, least of all Boeing. The statistics will show it is still safer to fly than to drive to the airport.

Gerry S

Appears as though an uncontained engine failure much like Southwests occured. And I just stated elsewhere that the LEAPs were trouble-free. I stand corrected.

Juan P. Thomson

What LEAP? The MAX has LEAP, the 737-800 does not. And you do aviation no favors with speculation.

David C

This aeroplane did not have LEAP engines . It had the CFM 56 . So what is your assumption ?

TheDude

Gerry what is your background in aviation?

Gerry S

Almost every comment on this subject on this site is speculation Juan. It creates discussion. Until the investigation is over, folks will speculate. Your issue,however, seems to be the powerplant. There are two LEAPs: the older model and the new improved ones. Sorry if I ruffled your feathers. By the way, I LIKE the LEAP engines and was not putting it down as you obviously believe.

Gerry S

@Juan P Thompson: CFM56 LEAPS power all of Southwests B737s. You,my friend, are sadly uninformed.