What Happened To United Airlines’ DC-10 Aircraft?

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The DC-10 was a well-known tri-engine, widebody aircraft. In the days prior to ETOPS certification, the DC-10 was a well-renowned aircraft for long-haul, overwater flights. Plenty of airlines operated aircraft like these. One of those airlines was American giant United Airlines. United had a sizeable number of DC-10 aircraft; Here’s a look at what happened to them.

United Airlines DC-10
United Airlines once flew a number of DC-10 aircraft. Photo: Andrew Thomas via Flickr

United’s DC-10s

Airfleets records that United flew as many as 68 DC-10 aircraft. That is more than the number of Boeing 787 in the carrier’s fleet. A fair number of these aircraft reached prominence in the early 1970s, and despite the type’s grounding, United showed confidence in the aircraft.

From 1971 through the mid-1990s, United took on DC-10s with some regularity Most of these, especially the early aircraft, were DC-10-10s. The DC-10-10 was the shortest range variant of the DC-10.

For the avgeeks, here is a seatmap for a 287-seater United DC-10-10 aircraft. On these aircraft, there were no Polaris seats but there were dedicated smoking rows within each cabin. Of course, nowadays, smoking is not allowed onboard any United flight.

United’s first DC-10s were DC-10-10 aircraft, the original variant of the aircraft. Photo: Piergiuliano Chesi via Wikimedia

The DC-10s served a long life with United. United flew both DC-10-10s and the longer-range DC-10-30s. By the mid 2000s, however, these aircraft reached the end of their service life with United. Most widebody aircraft went from three engines down to two. So, when it came down to replacements, United opted for 777 aircraft. United Airlines never placed an order for the DC-10s direct successor, the MD-11.

United 777
The 777 worked well as a DC-10 replacement for United. Photo: Tom Boon – Simple Flying

For airlines, three engines is a significantly higher amount of fuel to spend per flight than on a twin-engine widebody. Not to mention, newer, more fuel-efficient engines are better for the environment. As for replacement aircraft, the Boeing 777 proved to be an adept aircraft for long-haul flights. To this day, one of United’s workhorses on international long-haul flights are a number of Boeing 777 aircraft.

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United DC-10
A United DC-10 in the “Battleship” livery. Photo: Bill Abbott via Flickr

Where did they go?

A handful of aircraft underwent conversions from passenger aircraft to freighter aircraft. Cargo conversions add additional lifespan to older planes, however, eventually, even these reach their limits. Most ended up in storage or else on their way to scrap. At the time, it generally ends up being cheaper for cargo carriers to acquire older aircraft compared to brand new freighters.

Some, however, flew for other carriers. These include the likes of Canadian Airlines and Biman Bangladesh.

Biman Bangladesh
A Biman Bangladesh DC-10-30 aircraft. Photo: Faisal Akram from Dhaka, Bangladesh via Wikimedia Commons

Now, United was not the only airline to fly the DC-10. Continental Airlines, with whom United merged with, also flew DC-10 aircraft.

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Continental DC-10
A Continental Airlines DC-10. Photo: Wikimedia Commons

Did you get to fly on a United Airlines DC-10? What was your experience like? Let us know in the comments below!

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